Ford Motor Company’s Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) are tested in extremely cold conditions. However, all-electric vehicles have less energy in cold temperatures compared to warm weather due to battery cell chemistry.
Temperatures below 4°C cause the electrolyte fluid to be sluggish limiting how much power is available to discharge and how fast the vehicle can charge. When temperatures are low, you could see a reduction in range, which is normal.
Tips for maximizing your BEV’s range in cold weather
- Park in a garage wherever possible.
- Keep your BEV plugged in when parked.
- Precondition your vehicle using departure times to warm the cabin and the battery while plugged in.
- Use the heated seats and steering wheel (if available) for primary heat to reduce energy consumed by the Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system.
- When charging, turn off the heater.
- If your vehicle is covered with snow, brush all the snow off before driving to remove extra weight and drag.
- Keep your driving speeds moderate as high speeds use more energy.
- Ensure your tires are at the proper pressure.